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竹鼠养殖什么品种好

竹鼠养什么品种好?这是许多新手比较常问的问题,想当初本人也曾经被这个问题困扰过,最初根本不知道有多个品种的说法,去引种的时候人家说是中华竹鼠,就以为是中华竹鼠了,回来后才通过资料了解到有中华、银星、红颊等几个品种,与资料对比怎么都看不出买回来的鼠是中华竹鼠。这回问题就来了,我养的是中华竹鼠么?既然有多个品种,那养什么品种好呢?哪个品种受欢迎?当地的野生竹鼠又是哪个品种?……

What kind of bamboo rat is good for breeding? This is a question that many novices often ask. I think I was once troubled by this question. At first I didn't know that there were many kinds of bamboo rats. When I went to introduce bamboo rats, I thought they were Chinese bamboo rats. After I came back, I learned about several kinds of bamboo rats, such as China, Yinxing, Hongcheeks and so on. Chinese bamboo mouse. This time the question arises. Are I raising Chinese bamboo rats? Since there are many varieties, what kind of breed is good? Which variety is popular? What kind of wild bamboo rat is it?

其实现在大家养的基本上都是银星竹鼠,纯种中华竹鼠市面上少见,红颊竹鼠也是云南才有。大部分新手喜欢找那种长得快、长得大的品种,理由之一就是以后好卖!因为以后来买种的新手,也是喜欢要那种长得大个的种苗。常见的野生银星竹鼠个头较小,经过人工驯养和多代选育后,个头比野生的大了不少,有些地方人工驯养竹鼠比较早,经过选育的时间比较长,已初步形成比较优质的种群,能引到这样种苗就可以省了许多麻烦。虽然养的是银星竹鼠,为什么办证的时候写的却是“中华竹鼠”呢?正因为野生的中华竹鼠已经很少见,在广西已经被列为重点保护野生动物,原则上是需要办理“两证”才能养殖和销售的。那么,现在我们养的是银星竹鼠,是不是不用办证呢?是的,你可以不办,但是,如果哪天你销售的时候被森林公安碰到了,你是没法跟他们说清楚你卖的是中华竹鼠还是银星竹鼠的,如果他们说是中华竹鼠然后把你的鼠没收掉了,你也没拿他们办法,毕竟他们是权威机构,他们说了算。因此,你最好还是去办理“两证”,但是办理许可证也只能是中华竹鼠养殖的许可证,因为银星竹鼠是非保护动物,根本就不用办证或者说办不了证,而实际办证的时候,林业局也不会管你养的是中华竹鼠还是银星竹鼠。

In fact, most of the bamboo rodents we raise now are silver star bamboo rodents. Pure Chinese bamboo rodents are rare on the market. Red cheeked bamboo rodents are only found in Yunnan. Most novices like to look for varieties that grow fast and big. One of the reasons is that they can sell well in the future. Because the beginners who come to buy seeds in the future also like to have those big seedlings. Common wild Bamboo Rat Silver Star is small, after artificial domestication and multi-generation breeding, it is much larger than wild bamboo rat. In some places, it is early to domesticate bamboo rat artificially. After breeding for a long time, it has initially formed a relatively high-quality population. It can save a lot of trouble to introduce this kind of seedling. Although it is the Silver Star Bamboo Rat, why did it write "Chinese Bamboo Rat" when the certificate was issued? Because wild Chinese bamboo rat is very rare, it has been listed as a key protected wildlife in Guangxi. In principle, it needs to deal with "two certificates" to breed and sell. So, now we have a silver star bamboo rat, is it not necessary to apply for a certificate? Yes, you can not, but if you encounter a forest police when you sell it, you can't tell them that you sell the Chinese bamboo mouse or the Silver Star bamboo mouse. If they say that they are Chinese bamboo rats and then confiscate your mice, you haven't taken them. After all, they are authoritative institutions. They has the final say. Therefore, you'd better go through the "two certificates", but the license can only be a license for the cultivation of Chinese bamboo rodents, because the Silver Star bamboo rodents are non-protected animals, there is no need for certification or certification, and the actual certification, the Forestry Bureau will not care whether you have Chinese bamboo rodents or silver star bamboo rodents.

所以,现在大家拿的都是中华竹鼠驯养繁殖和经营许可证,都说是养中华竹鼠,而实际上却是银星竹鼠。另外,听说中华竹鼠长得很大个,反正新手门也没有见过中华竹鼠,也根本不知道中华竹鼠和银星竹鼠的区别,引种的地方说是中华竹鼠就是中华竹鼠了,更有甚者利用新手对中华竹鼠的钟爱,明明知道自己养的就是银星竹鼠,却睁眼说瞎话,说他们养的就是中华竹鼠,价格也不菲,因此许多新手就买到了说是中华竹鼠的银星竹鼠。至于红颊竹鼠,那是云南特有的品种,不少爱好者试图引到其它地方驯养,均未成功,在此就不多说了。

Therefore, now we are all taking the Chinese bamboo rodent domestication and breeding and business license, all said to raise the Chinese bamboo rodent, but in fact it is the Silver Star bamboo rodent. In addition, I heard that the Chinese bamboo rat is very big, but no novice has ever seen the Chinese bamboo rat, and no one knows the difference between the Chinese bamboo rat and the Silver Star bamboo rat. The place of introduction is that the Chinese bamboo rat is the Chinese bamboo rat. What's more, the novice is fond of the Chinese bamboo rat. He knows that he keeps the Silver Star bamboo rat, but opens his eyes and talks nonsense, saying that they raise the Chinese bamboo rat. Bamboo rats are also expensive, so many novices have bought the Silver Star bamboo rats, which are called Chinese bamboo rats. As for the red-cheeked bamboo rat, it is a unique species in Yunnan. Many enthusiasts have tried to introduce it to other places for domestication, but they have not succeeded, so let's not say much here.

为什么种苗的价格相差这么大?这也是新手最迷茫的事情了,且不说地域不同价格不同,就算是同一个地区,价格也差别很大。现在是信息社会,网络这么发达,绝大部门新手都会上网,养殖前了解的信息还真不少,懂得越多可选择的也越多,也正因为如此,引种前就越难以下手。新手们都了解到近段时间竹鼠种苗市场价格跌得好厉害,好象今年的竹鼠种苗是很便宜了,其实便宜竹鼠不是今年才有!两三年前就有了,有一直卖便宜的场,也有一直卖贵的场,可以说还真的是一分钱一分货,两三年前便宜的种苗基本上是野生的多,现在便宜的种苗除了是野生,还有的是贩鼠的中间商卖的,野生的便宜这是大家都懂,为什么贩鼠的中间商也便宜卖呢?传说现在某地鼠泛滥,价格超便宜,那是因为当地小养殖户清场的多,中间商趁机压价廉价收购来贱卖。

Why are seedling prices so different? This is also the most confusing thing for novices, not to mention that prices vary from region to region, even in the same region, prices vary greatly. Now is the information society, the network is so developed, most of the novices will access the Internet. Before breeding, they really know a lot of information. The more they know, the more they can choose. That's why it's more difficult to start before introduction. Novice all know that bamboo rodent seedlings market prices have fallen sharply in recent years, as if this year's bamboo rodent seedlings are very cheap, in fact, cheap bamboo rodents are not only this year! Two or three years ago, there were always cheap markets and expensive markets. It can be said that they were really a penny for a penny. Two or three years ago, cheap seedlings were mostly wild. Now, cheap seedlings are sold not only in the wild, but also by rat dealers. Everyone knows that wild seedlings are cheap. Why do rat dealers also sell cheaply? Legend has it that some hamsters are overflowing and the price is very cheap. That's because there are many small local farmers clearing their farms. The middlemen take advantage of this opportunity to buy them cheaply and sell them cheaply.

前段时间在Q群闲聊,某君打广告便宜卖鼠,号称是有上千只规模,还说只是当地的小养殖户,看到此估计许多养不出效益的人要吐血了,他一个小养殖户就有上千只的规模,我们还吃什么呀?某日又见该君在另外一个Q群打广告大量收购鼠苗,嗯,原来这就是上千只规模的养殖户?确切的说就是鼠贩子,说得好听一点就是某某合作社。老实说,并不是便宜就无好货,但是好货真的不便宜,某地的竹鼠的确不错,也便宜的,但是并不代表全都是好的,普通的农民养殖户有好鼠,但你不一定买得到,你能买到更多的是中间商(合作社)的鼠,中间商也是从分散的农户那里收购来的,这种鼠由于从不同的场收集上来,还经过多次转场,因每个农户的管理方式都不尽相同,环境卫生、防疫各方面也不同,染病和应激的风险也大。也许有的人碰到的不是中间商,是真正清场的养殖户,如果你是新手,建议你还是不要买清场的,尽管新手们个个都是信心十足、技高一筹,也许你坚信你比清场的那个人更高明、技术更好,将来不会象他那样清场,但是有时候现实就是真的很残酷。

Some time ago in Q group chatting, a gentleman advertised cheap rat sales, which claimed to be thousands of scales, but also said that it was only a small local farmer. Seeing this, it was estimated that many people who could not raise benefits would vomit blood. He had thousands of scales as a small farmer. What else should we eat? One day, I saw that this gentleman advertised in another Q group to buy a large number of rat seedlings. Well, this is a farmer of thousands of scales. Rat traffickers, to be exact, are some kind of cooperative. To be honest, it's not cheap, but it's not cheap. Bamboo rats in some places are really good and cheap, but it doesn't mean that they are all good. Ordinary farmers have mice. But you don't necessarily buy them. You can buy more mice from intermediaries (cooperatives). The intermediaries are also bought from scattered farmers. Because they never buy mice. The same field collection, but also after many transfers, because each farmer's management methods are different, environmental health, epidemic prevention and other aspects are different, the risk of disease and stress is also high. Perhaps some people do not meet the middleman, is the real clearance farmer, if you are a novice, suggest you still do not buy the clearance, although novices are confident, skilled, perhaps you believe that you are better than the clearance of the person, better technology, the future will not be as clean as he did, but sometimes the reality is really cruel.

引种是一个非常关键的环节,有的人舍得花钱建个大场,但引种的时候却斤斤计较,理由是场地是固定资产,长期使用的一定要好,投资不能省!而他引种的数量多,动不动就一两百对,每一对节约一点点,就可以省下不少钱了,能省的就省!这就是典型的搞不清楚重点,这种人不是要搞养殖的,适合搞房产投资。另外一个原因,他也不懂什么是好种苗和差种苗,引种前倒是舍得花时间去许多养殖场看过,看来看去反正也看不出什么名堂,表面上看大家的鼠都差不多,最后还是根据价格高低来决定在哪里引种。他们更不懂得种苗的好坏对以后的生产效益影响有多大,毕竟没有经历过,大局没有把握好,应该重视的不重视,倒反去关心无关紧要的细节问题,比如,这种鼠最大长得多大?群养好还是对养(单养)好?如何避免近亲繁殖?生仔时人进去看要不要紧?……,不是说这些不问题,只是这些问题相对其它来说那都是小问题,而且,也不是当前就碰到的要解决的问题,那是要养了以后才需要处理的问题。

Introduction is a very critical link, some people are willing to spend money to build a large field, but when introducing, they are very careful, because the site is fixed assets, long-term use must be good, investment can not be saved! And he introduced a large number of seeds, one or two hundred pairs at a time, each pair of saving a little, you can save a lot of money, can save! This is the typical unclear focus. This kind of person does not want to engage in breeding. It is suitable for real estate investment. Another reason is that he doesn't know what is good seedling and bad seedling. Before introducing, he spared no time to go to many farms to see them. It seems that he can't see any famous place anyway. On the surface, all the rats are similar. Finally, he decided where to introduce them according to the price. They don't know how much the quality of seedlings will affect the future production efficiency. After all, they haven't experienced it. They are not sure about the overall situation. They should pay less attention to it. Instead, they should pay more attention to the irrelevant details. For example, how big does this rat grow? Is it better to raise in groups or to raise alone? How to avoid inbreeding? Does it matter if people go in when they give birth? It's not that these are not problems, but that these problems are relatively minor problems, and they are not problems to be solved at present. They are problems that need to be dealt with after they have been maintained.


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